Europe knows about the migrants that it has failed and is trying to escape in order to hide. Brussels, in view of the meeting between the interior ministers on November 25, presented an action plan on migration policies that, however, already weighs heavily on many uncertainties. After all, even in June a plan that would have envisaged the resettlement of ten thousand transfers was presented as historic, then translated into a few dozen migrants who landed in Italy and were actually redistributed elsewhere.
So it’s only natural to have a dose of skepticism about the new plan. Where, among other things, despite bankruptcy, the topic of reallocation is once again touched upon. It is not the basis for the new document, but it is still taken into account. The only new features relate to the fight against smugglers and full cooperation between the EU countries to deal with the situation in the Central Mediterranean. Most of all good intentions, the implementation of which has not yet been verified.
Twenty Points Revolving around Three Core Pillars: This is the structure of the new plan presented today. The first pillar relates, as stated in the document issued in the past few hours, b cooperation With partner countries and international organizations. The cooperation aims to find common solutions with the countries of boat departure, in order to ensure better border management. “The EU will strengthen the capacities of Tunisia, Egypt and Libya – reads the text – to ensure better border and migration managementThere is also room for a larger battle against human traffickers. “The EU’s goal – we read again – is to strengthen the fight against migrant smuggling and improve diplomatic commitment on repatriation processes, while at the same time stepping up legal pathways towards the EU.“.
The other pillar, on the other hand, rests on the search for a ‘more coordinated approach to Search and al rescueAnd this is where Frontex comes in. It has been treated so badly in recent weeks that the European Parliament has also rejected its budgets and is now ready to play an important role in the EU plan. In fact, the agency, in coordination with the EU member states, withUNHCR and theoimTo perform supervision and situational assessment tasks Central Mediterranean.
Finally, the third pillar relates to i deportations. “Implementation of the voluntary solidarity mechanism and the joint road map must be strengthened“.
There is talk of transfers again, despite the failure of the previous plan
This last point can become the Achilles’ heel of the plan. Indeed, the issue of deportation is an urgent one, despite the fact that in recent days it was considered a “dead” issue. UNHCR’s Envoy for the Central Mediterranean, Vincent Cochetel, reported Nova agency He actually talked about The EU plan to abandon the failed strategy on deportations.
Brussels may have preferred not to break ties completely with the previous plan, which was signed in June and was based almost exclusively on symbiosis voluntary between EU countries and deportations. In the past few hours, the committee chairmen have pointed fingers at the states’ internal mechanisms and bureaucratic “bottlenecks” over shame to redistribute. there bet Therefore, it aims to overcome the problems highlighted and facilitate the movements of transferred migrants. A risky bet, given that Cochetel himself pointed out, in connection with the inaction of the resettlement policy, a structural problem of the impossibility of redistributing immigrants “without restrictions on freedom of movement”.
News about Italy
For Rome, however, there are some political elements that are gratifying. Starting with the fact that the European Union has returned to action on the issue of migration. This was confirmed by the Italian Minister of the Interior himself. Matteo Bentedosi. “I am satisfied – announced Malik Viminale – with the contents of the Action Plan for the Central Mediterranean, the preparatory document announced today by the European Commission in light of the Extraordinary Council of Interior Ministers meeting to be held next November 25 in Brussels.“.
“The text – and continued – puts some important issues on the topic of managing migratory flows at the center of the discussion and does so in the perspective already advocated by the Italian government. In particular, I refer to sharing the need for more intensive cooperation with countries of origin and transit of migration flows, as well as through the implementation of specific European investment programs in those regions.“.
In general, the European Union wanted to put the problem related to the central Mediterranean on the table, thus recognizing that this section affecting Italy needs to be kept under special attention. There is, too Recognition From the failure of the current transfer policy. “On the basis of the EU Voluntary Solidarity Mechanism for Disembarkation of Migrants in the Mediterranean – said EU Commissioner Ylva Johansson – we have 8,000 resettlement promises, but so far more than a hundred have been made.“.
Finally, there was also a mention of the case related to non Governmental Organization. “Close cooperation, best practices and best means of information exchange and coordination should be promoted, particularly between coastal States and flag States, also with a view to facilitating better cooperation between Member States and vessels owned or operated by private individuals.“.